Motivational Interviewing is a counseling approach in part developed by clinical psychologists Professor William R Miller, Ph.D. and Professor Stephen Rollnick, Ph.D. Motivational interviewing is a semi-directive, client-centered counseling style for eliciting behavior change by helping clients to explore and resolve ambivalence. Compared with non-directive counseling, it’s more focused and goal-directed. Motivational Interviewing is a method that works on facilitating and engaging intrinsic motivation within the client in order to change behavior. Therefore, Motivational Interviewing is an approach that can be used during the brief intervention ‘BI’ portion of the SBIRT process. Remember that brief intervention focuses on increasing insight and awareness regarding substance use and motivation toward behavioral change.